5th Sunday in Lent, Year B

Jeremiah 31: 31 - 34
Psalm 51: 1 -12
Hebrews 5: 5 - 10
John 12: 20 - 33

Have you ever found yourself in a new environment where no one knew you and you had to establish your own creditability? Have you ever felt the pressure of proving that you belong somewhere or that you have the authority to perform a certain action or fulfill a particular duty?

Have you ever known someone who didn't believe in God? Or actually more to the point this week...have you ever known someone (maybe it was you) that demanded evidence / proof about God or Jesus?

As human beings, it seems we have a bit of this "evidence based belief" need built in to us. Of course, there are a lot...at least some things we don't need to be convinced of (the necessary qualities of water or food, etc), but there are also lots of things many of us must "see to believe."

And it seems that all through history there is a need to "prove" that God exists or that God is somehow involved (or not involved) with some activity in the world, or even that Jesus was actually his son.

This week's lectionary readings give us some different examples of ways We (the inclusive we...the We of human history) often work hard to Prove God's existence / activity and establish credentials for Jesus.

This week's passage from Jeremiah was actually originally written to sort of lament what had passed away through the Rebellion and Disobedience in Judah and to look with hope to how Israel would be restored to good graces with God. Jeremiah is a text that acknowledges God's judging action and remains hopeful about God's desire to restore covenant with God's people. Throughout the years Christians have also used this text to establish a pedigree for Jesus. Reading with the benefit of years and hindsight We point to the new covenant Jeremiah talks about and identify that New Covenant as Jesus.

In the 51st Psalm, the psalmist is really asking for God to act with mercy to turn the sinner's life around. It is a confessional prayer, asking for cleansing and for a return to righteousness. Christians have taken such language and used it to Point toward the work of God through Jesus over thousands of years.

The collection of writings that is the book of Hebrews was primarily written to...well...Hebrews...people who were Jewish and had become followers of Jesus. We see all throughout this book and in this particular passage that the writer is establishing creditability with his Jewish readers. It was important to the descendants of Israel that there was a connection with the order of the Priest Melchizedek. It gives Jesus a bit of explanatory support to show that he was not a Maverick that came out of no where, but instead is the culmination of a line of Hebrew priests.- Hide quoted text -

In the passage from John, the Gospel writer narrates an account of Jesus establishing his own creditability. We see this in several places throughout the gospels...he works hard to draw the connection between himself and the Father. It's hard for us to know how these conversations were first received by witnesses, and then to know how they were later discussed, but we can imagine there was some buzz around them as they occurred. Here is a man claiming to be the Son of God! And then, in order for them to be recorded, we have to imagine they were also a source of great speculation and discussion after Christ's death. For the early followers, for the early church, for the church today, there was/is comfort and assurance in "proof texts."

History has illustrated that as humans, we thrive on proof. Over the years we have gravitated more and more toward ultimate truths. One scientific breakthrough after another has whetted our appetite for certainty. But can we really know? Should we?

What are the truths that you accept on faith alone?
What are the truths for which you must have proof?
Do you need proof from the people you love? Why? or Why not?

Then Pilate entered the headquarters again, summoned Jesus, and asked him, "Are you the King of the Jews?"
Jesus answered, "Do you ask this on your own, or did others tell you about me?"
Pilate replied, "I am not a Jew, am I? Your own nation and the chief priests have handed you over to me. What have you done?"
Jesus answered, "My kingdom is not from this world. If my kingdom were from this world, my followers would be fighting to keep me from being handed over to the Jews. But as it is, my kingdom is not from here."
Pilate asked him, "So you are a king?"
Jesus answered, "you say that I am a king. For this I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone who belongs to the truth listens to my voice."
Pilate asked him, "What is truth?"

John 18: 33 - 38


Fourth Sunday in Lent

Maybe this has never happened to you, but it has happened to us. You are walking down the road and you see a sign like the one in the picture that says "Jesus Saves". Or you might see someone with the same message on a t-shirt or a bumper sticker...or you might meet someone that is excited to tell you about themselves and somewhere in the conversation s/he might use the phrase "Jesus Saves."

Now if you had never been exposed to Christianity in America and you read or heard this phrase, some questions should pop up for you. Even for those of us who have been exposed to Christianity in America, since we are all good postmodern deconstructionalist children of the Enlightenment, some basic questions should be reviewed every once in a while.

Who is this Jesus?
Who / What is being Saved?
From what is 'X' being Saved?

This week our lectionary readings give us several glances at this Being Saved business.

In Numbers we see an interesting story that involves Moses, some angry Israelites, the wilderness, poisonous snakes, a bronze snake, and salvation. The people were following Moses who was following the direction of God out of slavery and in / through the wilderness and the people became quite upset because life seemed to be worse for them than it was before when they were slaves in Egypt. God's response to their lack of gratitude was to send poisonous snakes to bite and kill the slow and unsuspecting. The people repented to Moses. And here is the interesting part--God did not take the snakes away, he told Moses to make a snake out of bronze and put it on a pole so that when someone was bitten by a snake, they could look on this bronze snake and live...or be Saved.

Being Saved is often a theme in the Psalms. In verses 17-20 of Psalm 107 we see a small story laid out that seems to run parallel to the story from Numbers. Some folks brought themselves near death because of their sinful ways, they cried to the Lord (repented) and he Saved them....healed them....delivered them from destruction.

As often happens with Paul, he offers to the followers of Jesus in Ephesus a fairly didactic explanation of what it is Christ does to / for / in one's life. He explains here that this Salvation comes by Grace and through Faith and Mercy. That is one of the great things about Paul...even with something as mysterious as Grace and Salvation he does all he can to bring it back down to an understandable rational / logical explanation...which is often still a little difficult to understand because he uses some tough-to-grasp words (like Grace and Mercy and Faith) to explain a difficult-to-grasp concept like Salvation.

Most of the passage from the third chapter of John this week is familiar to most of us. However, we often do not quote v. 14 where John makes reference to the bronze snake Moses made in the wilderness. Here a direct connection / parallel / allusion is made between the way the Moses lifted up the snake for folks to believe in as a conduit for their salvation and the way the Son of Man (we assume this means Jesus) must be lifted up and believed in. An interesting and important difference here is that when the folks looked at the bronze snake it meant they did not die from snakebite, but in John we see that those who Believe in the Son of Man will gain Eternal Life. Also, an important difference between the two is that the Israelites were not asked to believe in the bronze snake, just look up to it...John's audience is being asked to Believe in the Son of Man. And in the rest of the passage we are given the story of God's relationship to the world in just a few words--For God so loved the world that he gave his only son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish, but have eternal life.

It seems that each of these have some commonalities. In each case, someone has transgressed against God. In each case, the transgressors find themselves in a difficult / painful situation and cry out to God for Mercy. And in each case, God chooses to bring those asking for Mercy back in to some sort of healthy state of affairs.

And even with this little bit of background, it is still important for each of us (no matter our track record with Christianity or with Jesus) to take some time to make an honest account for ourselves of these questions.
  • Who is this Jesus?
  • Who / What is being Saved?
  • From what is 'X' being Saved?
  • How?

Closer To Myself

Digging deep, I feel my conscience burn
I need to know who and what I am
This hunger jolts me from complacency
Rocks me, and makes me meet myself

Jacob walked a limp to remind him
of the greater gift of the greater one
When I fell, I fell to my own resources
How can I carry your truths if I can't even crawl to you?

I wanna feel something sweeter than this sin
Cover me in leaves and roll me over again
Cause I've been everybody else, now I want to be
something closer to myself

Paint me in a different light
Shed me another coat of skin
Mark me with ash until I'm clean again
Cause I'm so sick and tired of being sick and tired
I know I can love you, I know that I can

I wanna feel something sweeter than this sin
Cover me in leaves and roll me over again
Cause I've been everybody else, now I want to be
something closer to myself

I wanna feel something sweeter than this sin
Cover me in leaves and roll me over again
Cause I've been everybody else, now I want to be
something closer to myself

And I wanna feel something sweeter than this sin
Cover me in leaves and roll me over again
Cause I've been everybody else, now I want to be
something closer to myself

-Kendall Payne


Third Sunday in Lent

Exodus 20:1-17
Psalm 19
1 Corinthians 1:18-25
John 2:13-22

How did we get to be the society we are today? How did we get to be the family that we are today? How did we get to be the church we are today? How did we get to be the individual that we are today? If we had it to do all over again, would we have done the same things, established the same norms, lived by the same values at the same times?

Everywhere we look there are formal and informal Laws and Rules that are either formally or informally enforced...and it often seems that the informal ones are often informally enforced with a greater passion!

Did you ever unwittingly cross a line - break a communal norm or a rule without really knowing that it was a norm or rule You know, those Rules that someone only learns about when they have transgressed, and only then--"No one ever asks Uncle Thomas about his glass eye."..."You should always have your yard mowed and cleaned before the Fourth of July parade"....."You cannot sit in that seat because it is where Ms. Jenkins sits every Sunday morning." (this might suggest that you aren't really part of the community yet, or it might suggest the community isn't really ready to share its norms and rules).

We are subject to the rich blessings of our lived experience. Life for each of us is something of a flow chart with many, many forks in the road where we make a choice and that forever changes the route on which we travel. In our communities and in our families and in our individual lives, we learn from our experience, create some subconscious mental footnote and (sometimes, hopefully) change the way we approach similar situations for the future. In this week's lectionary readings, we are given the opportunity to look back across thousands of years of experience for people of faith, look at their experience and the resulting formal and informal rules. We also get to see them ask why there are rules, what are the rules that matter, what rules need reconsidered, what temples need cleansed, etc.

Now we might tread on some wild dogma space here. You have to dance around in the world of free will, works vs faith, and God's omnipotence to even question some of the history of Christianity. We're ok with that -- we believe that questions, not necessarily answers, shape us, stretch us and make us people of faith. Sometimes sacred cows need to be turned in to burgers.

In the reading from Hebrew scripture this week, Moses receives the commandments. Doing a quick tally between the two of us, depending on how you interpret and apply the Laws, we may have not kept at least 9 (maybe 10 if "murder" applies to other than humans) of the 10 commandments. These rules were delivered to a people who had already experienced God's grace and salvation. They were saved over and over again, set aside, told that they would be a great nation. They've spent a little time in the wilderness (and really, who hasn't?). They've rebelled and tested limits and boundaries and here they are, having the needs of their community addressed pretty directly. Here is delivered to them a list of seemingly simple rules. The first ones address the people's relationship with God, and the latter address the people's relationship with one another. Here are the marching orders that will order their society and ensure their harmony with Yaweh. But from reading the rest of the Hebrew story and from living our own, we know that it just isn't that simple.

The Psalmist is pretty happy to place trust in God that is Good to provide a law that makes life choices simple. God's Law is perfect. Hmmm...maybe in an ideal world all of this is simple, but what happens when it is stuff between one person and another rather than one person and their God? How does God's law inform our community laws? Have you ever heard the phrase, "He is so heavenly minded he is no earthly good"?

In his first letter to the church at Corinth, Paul is warning the group about their squabbles and divisions. He is redirecting some discussion about their being special "wisdom," or revelation or knowledge that empowers one as a believer. He is reminding this community that they don't need a bunch of hoops to identify themselves as Christians. They don't need visions or tongues or dreams. There aren't special rules that mark this community and these people. They need their faith, and that is about it. Paul points out that the Jews have Law and Greeks have Wisdom. Christians, by contrast, may seem foolish in their simple faith. And as he will remind them later in this letter, they are fools all right - fools for Christ.

Again this week, we read about an angry and emotional Jesus in the selection from John. The Passover is drawing near and Jerusalem would have been crowded by faithful, law-abiding Jews seeking to make their offerings and sacrifices at the Temple. Jesus enters the Temple and sees the vendors who would have been selling the animals necessary for lawful sacrifice and money changers who were ready to exchange foreign currency. These vendors are all working to feed themselves and their families. Some of them are likely honest and some of them are likely dishonest and taking advantage of folks. Either way, Jesus is mad about the whole thing because people were coming to make sacrifices and buying and selling things in the courtyard of the temple because of laws that were given to / by Moses and had been interpreted and reinterpreted and adapted and messed up in a hundred different ways. He was angry because they were not there to worship God, but instead to fulfill some human-created expectations.

So a set of rules were handed down for the good of a people, but over time, the rules were changed, were reinterpreted, were added to and used to create the righteous and the unclean. How many times do we start out with something good and over time we misuse, abuse and forget the real why? How do we set things right again when that happens? How do we return to original relations? How do we return to God? What are the necessary rules?

I will give them one heart, and put a new spirit within them; I will remove the heart of stone from their flesh and give them a heart of flesh, so that they may follow my statutes and keep my ordinances and obey them. They shall be my people, and I will be their God.

Ezekial 11: 19 - 20


Second Sunday in Lent, Year B

Genesis 17. 1-7, 15-16
Psalm 22.23-31
Romans 4.13-25
Mark 8.31-38

Faith is a tough idea for us to get a handle on some times.

In attempting to explain to someone how to "have Faith" it seems theconversation always comes around to some thing like "...and so youjust have to believe..." or "...you just have to trust..." or "....youjust have to have Faith...". (Oooh - or moreof our favorite bumper sticker theology - Faith Happens)

And we were always told that you should not use a word to define itself.

So what is Faith? How do you get it? How do you identify it? Can you share it?

In the stories we find in our readings this week we are offered acouple of different perspectives on Faith.

In the passage from Genesis we see a seminal moment in the life of thefirst followers of Yahweh. Abram (an old old old man) was told he and his wife (an old old old woman) were brought in to a covenant with God where they were promised to be the mother and father of generations and kings and multitudes. If Abram had not become Abraham and Sarai had not become Sarah and Isaac had not become, the story of the Jewish people and the Muslim people and the Christian people would most certainly be quite different today. Abram / Abraham, Sarai / Sarah, and God / Yahweh all had a lot of Faith in one another in this particular situation.

Another day a writer would call this "the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen" (Hebrews 11.1)

In Psalm 22 we see Faith show up in a different way. We see a writer / believer / follower that has complete Faith in his God and is willing to tell everyone about it. This psalm almost reads like a song of a Patriot or the hymns sung about a hero that saved a small village.

In Paul's letter to the followers of Jesus in Rome he gives them a bitof a history lesson on their family / faith genealogy. He gives hisunderstanding of the Faith of Abraham, and then he ties that to how he understands / projects Faith might operate in each of his readers. It seems that as Paul sees it through his formerly Jewish lens, the Law created a radically different dynamic between the people and God. Paul believes that with Faith, people experience God's Grace - a little different than wrath. It makes us wonder if Saul was someone who felt tormented because he had difficulty keeping the law while Paul felt liberated having accepted God's grace through his conversion experience.

And then in Mark we see a different version of Faith in the breath and words of Jesus. Peter kind of steps into an argument when Jesus declares that he is going to suffer and be rejected by his society. In response, Jesus is sharing what feels to us to be a more aggressive, commanding, demanding push toward Faith. With Abraham it almost feels as if God was using Abraham to enact history, but Jesusis making a call on the lives of his hearers. Abraham was being
called to be the father of nations, and Jesus is making an individual call on individual lives and souls of individual people.

What does Faith mean to you?

Do you have Faith? In what?

"FAITH is not what some people think it is. Their human dream is a delusion. Because they observe that faith is not followed by good works or a better life, they fall into error, even though they speak and hear much about faith. "Faith is not enough,'' they say, "You must do good works, you must be pious to be saved.'' They think that, when you hear the gospel, you start working, creating by your own strength a thankful heart which says, "I believe.'' That is what they think true faith is. But, because this is a human idea, a dream, the heart never learns anything from it, so it does nothing and reform doesn't come from this 'faith' either.

Instead, faith is God's work in us, that changes us and gives new birth from God. (John 1:13). It kills the Old Adam and makes us completely different people. It changes our hearts, our spirits, our thoughts and all our powers. It brings the Holy Spirit with it. Yes, it is a living, creative, active and powerful thing, this faith. Faith cannot help doing good works constantly. It doesn't stop to ask if good works ought to be done, but before anyone asks, it already has done them and continues to do them without ceasing."

Martin Luther on Faith, 1522